Public Issues

In an attempt to address the Sustainable Development Goal, the initiative of the Government of India, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), aims to free India from open defecation by 2018. This point of view analyzes the consequences of SBM from the perspective of women and water in the context of bathrooms. With the construction of toilets for 2.4 million people, it is expected that women’s vulnerability will worsen as available water is scarce. The point of view concludes that the construction of toilets as objective is difficult to achieve and maintain without a green technology design that overcomes the limitations of water and women.

Although access to water and sanitation are known as integrated elements of national development, the most valuable public health intervention and the fundamental need of the human being remain a major concern in India and also in many other developing countries. In 2000, India signed the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which include 8 goals, 21 objectives and 60 indicators that came to an end in December 2015. The goal of MDG 7 was to reduce the proportion by half. of population without access to potable water and basic sanitation. Which can play an important role in achieving the objective of MDG-4, that is; reduce the infant mortality rate. But India has achieved “moderate progress” and failed to do so in comparison with its neighboring countries, such as China, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, which have made good progress (UNICEF and WHO, 2015). Between 1990 and 2015 more than 35 percent of the population of neighboring countries gained access to adequate sanitation services and the rate of open defecation decreased dramatically, while only 28 percent of the population gained access to sanitation services and the rate of open defecation remains significant. Other countries In India, access to improved sanitation services is greater in urban areas than in marginal urban and rural areas. 96% and 82% of the world’s urban population have access to safe clean water and improved sanitation facilities. The rural population has 82% and 51%, while in India according to 2015 data, still 44% of the population defecates openly and 10% belongs to urban areas. 61 and 67 percent belong to marginal rural and urban areas, respectively. Urban areas have not been able to meet the demands of this growing demographic pressure, which has led to large gaps in the supply of basic services such as water and sanitation facilities. Access to basic sanitation, drinking water and health in the urban slum is significantly worse than the rest of the urban population and is often comparable to health conditions in rural areas. Despite the fact that several national and international programs were launched over time to increase sanitation coverage, but India’s rural and urban slums show slow and irregular progress and there is still a long way to go travel.

India needs to close gaps in access to sanitation between urban, rural, urban, rich and poor neighborhoods. The MDGs did not focus much on sustainable development, sustainability challenges and the innovation system; so that a new set of “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)” transformers, as well as the “Swatch Bharat Mission” adopted by India, intend to make a “clean India”.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

4 × 2 =